Research highlights

Latest research summaries

Gender-sensitive and youth-friendly physiotherapy: Steps toward a stress management intervention for girls and young women

Strömbäck, M., Wiklund, M., Salander Renberg, E., & Malmgren-Olsson, E.-B. (2016). Gender-sensitive and youth-friendly physiotherapy: Steps toward a stress management intervention for girls and young women. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 32(1), 20–33.

This study evaluates a physiotherapy program designed to be gender-sensitive and youth-friendly for teenage girls and young women with stress or psychosomatic problems. 54 young women participated in the study. The intervention was an 8-session stress management course which emphasized body perception, self-image thought problems, and internalized symptoms of anxiety and depression and somatic symptoms. Body-based methods used in the class were basic body awareness therapy and progressive muscle relaxation. Findings indicate significant changes and positive outcomes for participants.

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Addition of motivational interventions to exercise and traditional Physiotherapy: a review and meta-analysis

McGrane, N., Galvin, R., Cusack, T., & Stokes, E. (2015). Addition of motivational interventions to exercise and traditional Physiotherapy: a review and meta-analysis. Physiotherapy, 101(1), 1–12.

This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the effect of motivational interventions for exercise and physiotherapy. 14 randomized controlled trials, encompassing 1504 participants, are included in the review. Types of motivational interventions in the studies included cognitive behavioural therapy, coach approach, motivational interviewing, and others. Findings indicate that motivational interventions are successful for increasing health physical activity behaviour. However, included studies used different approaches, so further research is required to determine best practices in this area.

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Factors Correlating Outcome in Young Infants With Congenital Muscular Torticollis

Ryu, J. H., Kim, D. W., Kim, S. H., Jung, H. S., Choo, H. J., Lee, S. J., … Baek, H. J. (2016). Factors Correlating Outcome in Young Infants With Congenital Muscular Torticollis. Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, 67(1), 82–87.

This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effect of physiotherapy on infants with congenital muscular torticollis using ultrasonography before and after the intervention. 61 infants participated in the study. Findings indicate that infants in the physiotherapy intervention group were more likely to have complete resolution of symptoms. Patient sex, size, volume, echogenicity of the lesion, and thickness ratio were not associated with resolution of symptoms.

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Does Visceral Osteopathic Treatment Accelerate Meconium Passage in Very Low Birth Weight Infants?- A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial

Haiden, N., Pimpel, B., Kreissl, A., Jilma, B., & Berger, A. (2015). Does Visceral Osteopathic Treatment Accelerate Meconium Passage in Very Low Birth Weight Infants?- A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial. PLOS ONE, 10(4), e0123530–e0123530.

This randomized controlled trial evaluates whether a visceral manipulative osteopathic treatment improves outcomes for very low birthweight infants. 41 infants with a birthweight below 1500g and gestational age below 32 weeks are included in the study. Intervention group infants received an osteopathic treatment within the first 48 hours of life (see original study for extensive treatment details). Findings indicate that time to full enteral feedings, time to first stool passage, and time spent in the hospital were significantly longer for the osteopathic treatment group. Therefore, the authors do not recommend visceral osteopathic treatment for very low birthweight infants.

Access full text online at: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0123530

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Does cervical spine manipulation reduce pain in people with degenerative cervical radiculopathy? A systematic review of the evidence, and a meta-analysis

Zhu, L., Wei, X., & Wang, S. (2016). Does cervical spine manipulation reduce pain in people with degenerative cervical radiculopathy? A systematic review of the evidence, and a meta-analysis. Clinical Rehabilitation, 30(2), 145–155.

This systematic review evaluates the effect of cervical spine manipulation for cervical radiculopathy. 3 studies, encompassing 502 participants, are included in the review. Findings indicate that there is moderate evidence that cervical spine manipulation is effective for treating people with cervical radiculopathy in the short term. Long term effects of treatment and safety of treatment were not assessed due to lack of data.

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